Canada has been ranked as one of the top ten places to live in the world since 1994 according to the United Nations (UN) and the Economist Intelligence Unit. In the UN survey Canada earned particularly high marks for its access to education, high life expectancy (due to universal health care system); and low crime and violence rates.
The country is an international leader in computer and information technologies and has a reputation for excellence in such sectors as telecommunications, transportation and engineering; and specifically, aerospace, urban transport, microelectronics, medical devices, advanced software, hydroelectric and nuclear power, lasers and optoelectronics, biotechnology, food and beverage processing, geomatics; and ocean and environmental industries.
The education system in each of the 13 provinces in Canada is governed by the rules and regulations of that particular province. There are various post-secondary institutions that include colleges, universities and technical schools.
Each post-secondary school has its own set of rules on how to apply, and decides what level of English you will need to be at to be accepted, as well as other entry requirements for various courses of study.
There are private career and vocational schools which are not necessarily governed by provincial governments as well. There are career colleges, community colleges -- both of which are non-degree granting institutions offering courses ranging from 1-3 years. The fee is generally lower than the university or university colleges.
Then there are university colleges offering four-year undergraduate degrees as well as graduate courses ranging from Masters to doctoral. Lastly, there are universities generally offering primarily masters and research programmes only. GRE & TOEFL are two important tests that you need to give to take admission in Canada.